Notes

Takeoff Speed Optimization – Speed Ratios V1/Vr and V2/Vs

Takeoff optimization principal has objective of attaining highest possible performance limited takeoff weight while fulfilling airworthiness requirements. Parameters influencing takeoff performance can be Sustained Parameters (can’t be changed) and Free Parameters(variable to certain extent). As part of free parameters takeoff speed optimization is the most important method to gain better takeoff performance and hence higher …

Takeoff Speed Optimization – Speed Ratios V1/Vr and V2/Vs Read More »

TOD, TOR and ASD – Post Amendment 42 (TODR, TORR and ASDR)

Different aircrafts are certified at different times and comply with different certification rules. Three major certifications rules were defined as: FAR Part 25 – no consideration for reaction time of pilot Amendment to FAR Part 25 known as Amendment 25-42 – over consideration of reaction time Post Amendment 42 – current undermentioned considerations We are …

TOD, TOR and ASD – Post Amendment 42 (TODR, TORR and ASDR) Read More »

Takeoff Segments and Climb Requirements with Gross Flight Path and Net Flight Path

This study note covers the information on Takeoff Path, Takeoff Flight Path, Takeoff Segments, Takeoff Climb Requirements along with information on gross flight path and net flight path. Takeoff Path Takeoff path extends from standing start to point at which aircraft is at height: of 1500 ft above the takeoff surface, or at which transition …

Takeoff Segments and Climb Requirements with Gross Flight Path and Net Flight Path Read More »

Maximum Structural Weights

Manufacturer’s Empty Weight (MEW) It is the weight of structure, power plant, furnishings, systems and other items of equipment that are considered an integral part of the aircraft. It is dry weight including only those fluids which are contained in closed systems(e.g. hydraulic fluid). Operational Empty Weight (OEW) It is the sum of manufacturer’s empty …

Maximum Structural Weights Read More »

Clearway, Stopway, TORA, TODA, ASDA, LDA| Declared Runway Distances

Following are the available take-off lengths declared by appropriate authorities and ICAO for for different airfields. Knowledge on these terms is important for performance calculations. Clearway, Stopway, TORA, TODA, ASDA & LDA CLEARWAY Clearway is the area beyond the runway not less than 152m wide centrally located about the extended centerline of the runway and under the …

Clearway, Stopway, TORA, TODA, ASDA, LDA| Declared Runway Distances Read More »

Fuel Policy – Fuel Planning Requirements – Minimum Fuel Requirements – DGCA – ICAO

Fuel Policy – Fuel Planning Requirements – Minimum Fuel Requirements – DGCA – ICAO. When is destination alternate aerodrome required?  At least one destination alternate aerodrome is required for the IFR flights except for the under-mentioned cases: 1. Duration of flight is such that at the destination: Approach and landing may be made under VMC …

Fuel Policy – Fuel Planning Requirements – Minimum Fuel Requirements – DGCA – ICAO Read More »

Converted Meteorological Visibility

RVR (Runway Visual Range) is considered to be better representation of expected distance that the pilot may acquire visual cues on approach than meteorological office reported horizontal visibility. Effect of lighting intensities and background luminescence play a role when establishing an RVR. Due to commercial or other reasons RVR may not be available at all …

Converted Meteorological Visibility Read More »

Auto Flight System – Basic Overview – A320

Auto Flight System of A320 can be broadly divided into four sections: Input section Information section Computation and Processing Output section INPUT SECTION MCDU 1 – Multifunctional control and display unit, MCDU 2, FCU – flight control unit INFORMATION SECTION Navigation Information (Data), Performance Information (Data), ADIRS – air data and inertial reference system & …

Auto Flight System – Basic Overview – A320 Read More »

Scroll to Top